Electrochem | Customized Battery Power | Wireless Sensing Systems
Product Name

Key Terminology

Click here to download our glossary of key battery terms and definitions

Battery Academy

Common Abbreviations

I2C

Inter-Integrated Circuit (communication bus)

18650

Li-ion cylindrical cell format measuring 18mm times 65mm

A

Ampere (electrical)

Ah

Ampere-hour

BMS

Battery management system

C

Celsius, Centigrade (temperature)

CCV

Closed Circuit Voltage

CCCV

Constant current constant voltage (charge method)

CID

Circuit interrupt device

C of C

Certificate of Compliance

C-rate

Discharge rate of a battery

DoD

Depth of discharge

DOT

Department of Transportation (US)

dT/dt

Delta Temperature over delta time (charge method)

ELC

Equivalent lithium content

EOL

End of Life (capacity)

F

Fahrenheit (temperature)

h

Hour (time)

I

Current (electrical)

IATA

International Air Transport Association

IEC

International Electrochemical Commission

IS

Intrinsic safety (used on batteries)

LCD

Liquid crystal display

LCO

Lithium cobalt oxide

LED

Light emitting diode

LFP

Lithium-iron-phosphate

LiCoO2

Lithium-ion-cobalt-oxide

LiFePO4

Lithium-iron-phosphate-oxide

Li-ion

Lithium-ion battery (short form)

LiMn2O4

Lithium-ion-manganese-oxide

LiNiCoAlO2

Lithium-ion-nickel-cobalt-aluminum-oxide

LiNiMnCoO2

Lithium-on-nickel-manganese-cobalt-oxide

Li5Ti5O13

Lithium-titanate-oxide

LMO

Lithium-manganese-oxide

LTO

Lithium-titanate

mAh

Milliampere-hours

NCA

Lithium-ion battery with nickel, cobalt, aluminum cathode

NiCd

Nickel-cadmium (battery)

NiFe

Nickel-iron (battery)

NiH

Nickel-hydrogen (battery)

NiMH

Nickel-metal-hydride (battery)

NiZn

Nickel-zinc (battery)

NMC

Lithium-ion with nickel, manganese, cobalt cathode

NTC

Negative temperature coefficient

OCP

Over-current Protection

OCV

Open Circuit Voltage

OEM

Original equipment manufacturer

OVP

Over-voltage Protection

PRBA

Portable Rechargeable Battery Association

PTC

Positive Temperature Coefficient (battery protection)

QA

Quality assurance

Qi

Standard on inductive charging by Wireless Power Consortium (WPC)

R

Resistor (electrical)

RF

Radio Frequency (communications)

SBS

Smart Battery System

SLA

Sealed lead acid (battery)

SMBus

System Management Bus (smart battery)

SoC

State-of-charge

SOH

State-of-health

UL

United Laboratories (product safety testing and certification)

UVP

Under-voltage Protection

V

Voltage (electrical)

VCO

Voltage Cutoff (safety)

VL

Voltage limiting (as in charging a battery)

VRLA

Valve regulated lead acid (battery)

W

Watt (electrical power; voltage times current = watts)

Wh

Watt-hour (electrical energy; watts times h = Wh)

Wh/kg

Watt-hour per kilogram (measurement of specific energy)

Wh/l

Watt-hour per liter (measured in energy density)

Wi-Fi

Wireless fidelity (network)

WPC

Wireless Power Consortium

Z

Impedance (frequency dependent resistance)

Zigbee

Wireless network targeting RF applications that require a secure low data rate and long battery life